Finally an explanation of the more complex family relations:
- siblings – sourozenci
- niece – sestřenice
- nephew – bratranec
- great-grandfather – pradědeček
- great-uncle – practrýc
- father-in-law – tchán
- brother-in-law – švagr
- daughter-in-law – snacha
How many words will you learn from this impressive Scrabble setup? Don’t forget to read in both horizontal and vertical directions.
Have you noticed how often you use the word very in your speech? It’s easy, right? Very good, very old, very risky, very rude…
But if you want to expand your vocabulary, you should consider replacing these “very adjective” with some advanced words. Some are perhaps too advanced, but definitely read through the table to see what you can use. If nothing else, you’ll now know that feeble means very weak and jubilant means very happy. And that is very valuable, er, I mean, precious.
We all know the basic words for emotions: joy, fear, surprise, anger… But what if you need to describe some more nuanced emotions? Luckily, there’s Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions with an easy-to-read list of various emotional states.
- optimism – optimismus
- serenity – vyrovnanost, klid
- joy – radost
- ecstasy – vytržení
- love – láska
- acceptance – přijetí, smíření
- trust – důvěra
- admiration – obdiv
- submission – poddání se, podlehnutí
- apprehension – obava, předtucha
- fear – strach
- terror – děs
- awe – úžas
- distraction – vyrušení
- surprise – překvapení
- amazement – nadšení
- disapproval – nesouhlas
- pensiveness – zadumání
- sadness – smutek
- grief – žal
- remorse – lítost
- boredom – nuda
- disgust – znechucení
- loathing – pohrdání
- contempt – opovržení
- annoyance – otrava
- anger – zlost
- rage – hněv
- aggressiveness – agrese
- interest – zájem
- anticipation – očekávání
- vigilance – bdělost
Another useful list of emotional words is on Simple English Wikipedia.
Today I stumbled upon the word vernacular, which means:
- the standard native language of a country or locality
- the everyday language spoken by a people as distinguished from the literary language (also see: dialect)
Read more about Vernacular on Wikipedia. You can use more similar words to describe specific style of language. Notice that many of them are similar in Czech; that’s mostly because they originated in Latin.
- dialect – dialekt
- slang – slang
- patois – nářečí
- colloquial – hovorový
- jargon, lingo – žargon
Vernacular is a broad term that can refer to many different types of language, both locally specific or colloquial.
By the way, Google has a new feature where they show you dictionary definition of words. Just search define:vernacular, it’s pretty fast and neat. It even shows you the etymological origins in Latin or how this word is being used.
Starting today, we want to revive our tradition of posting something interesting about English every day. So let’s look at the word resuscitation.
The British Heart Foundation released this funny video explaining that you don’t need to give mouth-to-mouth breathing when resuscitating someone. In fact, it is recommended to stick to the compression-only resuscitation. You’ll probably encounter the acronym CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation), which is one of the most commonly performed life-saving emergency procedures.
Funny video about CPR made by the British Heart Foundation
Both the British Heart Association and the American Heart Association created some videos featuring celebrities explaining that you should not worry about the mouth-to-mouth, just focus on the “Staying Alive” rhythm.
- resuscitation – resuscitace
- CPR – masáž srdce
- compression – stlačování, komprese
- life-saving – život zachraňující
- emergency – nouze, nouzový
- encounter – narazit na, potkat, setkat se s
- mouth-to-mouth – dýchání z úst do úst
This great infographic from PETA goes over the basic expressions, gestures and moods your dog or cat might be displaying. See some less known vocabulary below.
- companion – společník
- stiff – strnulý
- wag a tail – vrtět ocasem
- intimidating – děsivý, zastrašující
- ruff – haf (sounds like rough – drsný)
- bark – štěkat
- sigh – povzdechnout
- mixed messages – nejasné signály
- tummy – bříško
- chatter – brebentění, drkotání
- yowl – skučet
- puffed up – zježit