Category Archives: Vocabulary (slovíčka)
Have you noticed how often you use the word very in your speech? It’s easy, right? Very good, very old, very risky, very rude…
But if you want to expand your vocabulary, you should consider replacing these “very adjective” with some advanced words. Some are perhaps too advanced, but definitely read through the table to see what you can use. If nothing else, you’ll now know that feeble means very weak and jubilant means very happy. And that is very valuable, er, I mean, precious.
We all know the basic words for emotions: joy, fear, surprise, anger… But what if you need to describe some more nuanced emotions? Luckily, there’s Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions with an easy-to-read list of various emotional states.
- optimism – optimismus
- serenity – vyrovnanost, klid
- joy – radost
- ecstasy – vytržení
- love – láska
- acceptance – přijetí, smíření
- trust – důvěra
- admiration – obdiv
- submission – poddání se, podlehnutí
- apprehension – obava, předtucha
- fear – strach
- terror – děs
- awe – úžas
- distraction – vyrušení
- surprise – překvapení
- amazement – nadšení
- disapproval – nesouhlas
- pensiveness – zadumání
- sadness – smutek
- grief – žal
- remorse – lítost
- boredom – nuda
- disgust – znechucení
- loathing – pohrdání
- contempt – opovržení
- annoyance – otrava
- anger – zlost
- rage – hněv
- aggressiveness – agrese
- interest – zájem
- anticipation – očekávání
- vigilance – bdělost
Another useful list of emotional words is on Simple English Wikipedia.
Starting today, we want to revive our tradition of posting something interesting about English every day. So let’s look at the word resuscitation.
The British Heart Foundation released this funny video explaining that you don’t need to give mouth-to-mouth breathing when resuscitating someone. In fact, it is recommended to stick to the compression-only resuscitation. You’ll probably encounter the acronym CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation), which is one of the most commonly performed life-saving emergency procedures.
Both the British Heart Association and the American Heart Association created some videos featuring celebrities explaining that you should not worry about the mouth-to-mouth, just focus on the “Staying Alive” rhythm.
- resuscitation – resuscitace
- CPR – masáž srdce
- compression – stlačování, komprese
- life-saving – život zachraňující
- emergency – nouze, nouzový
- encounter – narazit na, potkat, setkat se s
- mouth-to-mouth – dýchání z úst do úst
This is quite a new idiom, coined after wide use of this when describing the mileage – which is the distance a car can go on a full tank of gasoline. Because no test can precisely simulate all driving habits, the numbers are usually accompanied with “Your Mileage May Vary”, or YMMV for short.
You can, however, use it to relativize almost anything. Let’s say you’ve been to a restaurant that makes, in your own opinion, the best burger in town. But, because you know this is subjective, at the end you might add: Well, it was the best dinner I had this month. But your mileage may vary.